Hindu isn’t an Indian word, the word initially showed up in Persian writing the term Hindu in these old records is an Ethno topographical term and didn’t allude to a religious people who originated from outside India called North-Western Indians as Hindu.
They utilize the term Hindu. as a clan or cast Later they call Hindu as a religion however Hindu isn’t a religion it is a Dharma.
Dharma is gotten from the root Sanskrit word which intends to hold it together we Indians called Dharma as a human reason throughout everyday life or laws of humankind which implies food rest dread and proliferation are the normal attributes of human and creatures
Dharma is the main trademark that isolates people from creatures. so what are those qualities? As indicated by sage Manu. are the 10 basic principles of Dharma then again religion originates from. the Latin word which intends to bring back or to tie to.
tie with what the Supreme God essentially you can say religion actually implies what drives one to God while the Sanskrit word yoga intends to interface with it or to join together. To whom? the Supreme.
Thus we can say there is no difference between the purpose of religion and the goal of yoga they are the same.
Hinduism dharma follower is in billion is the world’s oldest religion and the most confusing one to non-Hindus. Some say it isn’t even a religion, but a way of life. Hindus themselves call it Sanātana Dharma, the eternal tradition. So what Hinduism.is.
Analysis of dharma Hinduism
Well, Let’s Find Out. Hinduism is the world’s oldest active religion. It’s the result of the merging of the ancient Sindhu Valley civilization .hindu dharma is such an old religion that Hindus and India have complemented each other.
While some western historians Taxes tell Aryans who have come from Malaysian countries. Hindu and India even come for the same word.
Sanskrit was the ancient language of the Hindus, and the Sanskrit name for the Indus River is Sindhu. Ancient Persians who pronounce h instead of s. Finally, the Hindu word is formed from the Indus. So Sindhu became Hindu. So people living across the river became Hindus.
The Persians told the Greeks who dropped that not very Greek-like H, stuck a very Greek-like to the end and boom, India. Hinduism has a long long history. But we’ll be focusing just on the core beliefs of Dharma Hinduism.
It is a very old civilization. its history is too old it’s not possible to discuss the whole. that’s why we will divide in heaven part to discuss.
1. Belief in a Three Universal Soul:
Dharma Hinduism believes in three dev Brahma Vishnu Mahesh (Siva). Brahma is the creator of this universe, Vishnu obeys and maintains the universe and Shiva will destroy it.
2. Belief in an immortal individual soul.
In the Indian language, soal is known as soal Hinduism followers believe that the soul is never dead nor the end of the soul. Dharma Hinduism believes that after killing, the transfer of the soul takes place in another body, it is known as reincarnation.
3. Belief in karma:
Karma is known as the action, usually good or bad actions that affect society. For Hindus karmic actions in the past affect us today and our actions today affect our soul’s future.
4. Belief in Moksha:
The goal in Hindu life to achieve moksha means to get back to Brahman. If a Hindu can do this they will be freed from the cycle of life and death. This is called moksha.
You can achieve moksha by realizing your oneness with Brahman. How you realize this is up to you. For this reason, Hindus pray “Lead me from the unreal to the real.”
5. Belief in the Vedas:
The Vedas are Hindu sacred books of knowledge. There are four Vedas. Hindus believe that all four were divinely revealed to ancient Hindu sages.
6. Belief in cyclical time:
For Hindus there. are no beginnings or endings. Time is a series of cycles. With each cycle containing four ages or yuga,
1 Satya Yuga
3 Dwapara, and
4 kali yuga
.dhrma Hinduism believes that each yuga has his own specialties. In Satya yuga, all civilizations have very high moral values. In this yoga, every person follows Noble truth. There is no crime in this yuga
In treta is the yuga.
7. Belief in dharma:
Dharma is a difficult word to translate to English. “ Behavior to follow Noble truth” is dharma I could come up with. Dharma maintains balance in the universe.
As long as everything in the universe like animals, plants, and humans follow their dharma, then everything will be fine. If they break from their dharma, things will to super not fine.
For example, mother dharma is love and feeding her child but if she does not follow it’s not fine. Each being has its own dharma.
A lion’s dharma is to kill and eat antelope. A King’s dharma is to rule well. A subscriber’s dharma is to visit my page regularly. For humans, their specific dharma is usually based on their age and caste.
So those are the 7 core beliefs of dharma Hinduism. With them, you can understand dharma Hinduism.
Dharma Hinduism is not a prophet based culture. There is no Jesus or Mohammed for Hindus. There is no Bible, Koran, or Torah. Instead, they have a bunch and I mean a bunch of sacred texts.
The 4 Vedas form the basis of the Hindu faith. So let’s take a look at them.
- Rig Veda:
The Rig Veda is a collection of songs that praise the gods and discuss ideas like Truth, Reality, and The Universe. Along with the discussion on war, weddings, and rituals.
- Yajur Veda:
The Yajur Veda is a medical laboratory.
- The Sama Veda:
Sama literally means “a sweet song that destroys sorrow.” It is mostly songs dedicated to praising gods. It’s different from the rest because it is set to music.
- Atharva Veda:
After the Vedas let us discuss Upanishads which are like a sequel that makes the original make much more sense. They were probably written down between 800BC and 500BC. During a time when some Hindus started to question the Vedas.
Their ideas became the Upanishads. The Upanishads are books of philosophy. Like Plato or Aristotle in western accident socialization. They’re all about questioning, doubt, debate, and finding the answers to life’s difficult questions.
A theme in the Upanishads is that people are not their minds, or bodies, or egos but humans actually belong to Atman. Your soul is you, everything else is unreal and temporary.
After the holy book like the Vedas and Upanishads are other less divine but still important books. These include the stuff like the Puranas, Bhagavad Gita, and the Ramayana and Mahabharata.
The Puranas are like encyclopedias Hindu beliefs. There are 18 well-known Puranas. The Puranas cover things from yoga to army organization, to taxation, the caste system, hell, gods, and everything in between.
The Bhagavad Gita, Gita for short, is one of Hinduism’s most important books. The Gita takes place on a battlefield where Arjuna, a great warrior, refuses to fight. Lord Krishna steps in to urge Arjuna to fight and their discussion covers things such as dharma and how to live your best life.
Arjuna eventually fought after Lord Krishna told him the truth about dharma. As a member of the warrior, Arjuna’s dharma was to fight against evil.
The lesson of the Gita is that everyone faces difficult choices but they must act on them according to their dharma.
No matter how unpleasant. Along with all these philosophical books, Hinduism also has two action-packed epics. The Ramayana and Mahabharata: Ramayana, the earlier of the two epics, tells. the story of Prince Rama.
In the epic, you find out about his 14-year exile, the abduction of Sita the wife of Lord Rama and battle with the demon Ravana, and with Hanuman.
The Mahabharata has it all. The theme running throughout the Ramayana and Mahabharata is that dharma must be followed for society to function. In Hinduism, there 4 goals a person should I am to have a good life. The first of these is dharma.
Followed by artha, the pursuit of prosperity, and a good reputation. Kama, pleasure both in body and mind. And moksha the release for the cycles of rebirth. Hindus should practice artha and kama with dharma in order to attain moksha.
There are also six temptations Hindus should try hard to avoid.
Moha: Unrealistic attachment to things, people,
By following their dharma and avoiding these six temptations a Hindu can break the cycle of rebirth and have their soul merge back into Brahman. Like a drop of water merging back into the ocean.
But even though everything comes from Brahman who is the One real thing in Hinduism, Hindus do have thousands of gods. So let’s take a look at some of them.
There is Brahma, the creator. He created everything in the universe but he is not the universe. itself.
Brahma has four heads. The heads face each of the four directions, to represent the four Vedas which he created and the four yugas. He also holds a book, which represents knowledge
Vishnu, He preserves the world created by Brahma until it is destroyed by Shiva. He holds a discus, which he uses to cut down anyone that’s trying to mess with dharma. Along with a conch, which symbolizes victory and the five elements.
Vishnu has many avatars, such a Krishna or Rama, who He used to defend dharma on Earth. and he rides the giant eagle Garuda. Lord Vishnu is with Lakshmi. Lakshmi is the goddess of good fortune and wealth.
Shiva, the Destroyer, and Siva have a job to destroy the universe in order to prepare for its renewal at the end of each cycle of the yuga. The most identifiable of the Lord’s features is his third eye, which he almost always keeps closed.
If it does open and anything in front of it will have your face melted off. When not unmaking existence Shiva enjoys rides on his bull named Nandi.
At the end of the Kali Yuga, the fourth age of the world, Shiva performs a dance (tandav) that destroys the universe.
Hindus developed four major denominations, some of which have their own subdivisions: Vaishnavas primarily worship Vishnu, and Shaivas primarily worship Shiva and his sons
Smartas follow the sacred books, like the Puranas and the Ramayana and Mahabharata rather than the Vedas. They worship five gods and goddesses: Ganesha, Durga, Surya, Shiva, and a preferred avatar of Vishnu.
Finally, Shaktas worship the goddess, Devi.
Shaktas see Devi as the ultimate and eternal reality. Like a feminine Brahman. Even though there are all these variations and more, the core beliefs remain mostly the same. Hindus believe that dharma keeps the balance in the universe
. If the scales between good and evil start tipping towards evil then something needs to intervene to fix the universe’s dharma.
This divine intervention is known as an avatar. The literal meaning of the word avatar is descent,”. Avatars are gods that descend to earth to intervene whenever help is needed to restore dharma.
For example, when the Earth was dragged underneath the ocean Vishnu descended to Earth as the avatar Varaha, a boar, and dragged the Earth back out. In other cases, Vishnu was born on Earth as an avatar, like Rama or Krishna.
Where he spent his avatar’s life fixing dharma. So…The the caste system. If you know only one thing about Hinduism dharma this is probably it.